design or objectives. In the program evaluation stage the feedback loop may serve
to update management objectives and the problem statement.
Monitoring program design is the most detailed part of the overall monitoring
program. Design provides the format for most water quality and land treatment
monitoring activities. Water quality and land treatment monitoring must be
the chance of meaningful results. In order to provide the
manager with a sense of the nature of the coordination needed, an overview of
monitoring program design is provided in Figure 1.2.
Monitoring program design, as shown in Figure 1.2 and discussed in chapter 4,
begins by defining the monitoring objective. Once the objective is defined the
experimental design (e.g., upstream/downstream and pre- and post-BMP, and
paired watershed) is determined. Based on the experimental design, separate but
coordinated parallel water quality and land treatment activities are specified.
The next activity is to locate water quality monitoring sites and then develop the
land treatment tracking system for each subwatershed that drains to a water quality
monitoring site. Baseline water quality and land treatment datashould be collected
for two years prior to treating critical areas in the watershed with BMP systems.
During baseline datacollection and at regular intervals throughout the monitoring
program, the water quality and land treatment data bases should be linked (see
section 4.7). Water quality and land treatment monitoring continue on a parallel
course until monitoring and management objectives have been met. Prior to final
analysis the water quality and land treatment data bases must be linked to evaluate