turbulence associated with tailrace structures (natural and man-made, channel roughness and outlet
works (including modifications) and modified operations
Figure 1.3.12 Effects of selective withdrawal from various depths upon flow
patterns, density, and temperature profiles, in homogeneous and stratified lakes.
(From Impounded Rivers, G. E. Petts, 1984, Copyright
John Wiley & Sons Limited. Reproduced with permission)